How do I conduct a one-minute timing with a printed story and timer?
In Read Naturally Strategy programs, you use a one-minute timing to:
- Screen a student using a benchmark assessment to determine who needs fluency support.
- Place a student in the correct level of Read Naturally materials.
- Conduct a student's cold timing (initially) as he or she begins each story.
- Conduct a student's hot timing when he or she completes work on each story.
To conduct a one-minute timing:
- Sit next to the student so that you can both see the story text (or make two copies).
- Explain the purpose of the timing in terms the student can understand.
- Read the title of the story to the student.
- Set the timer for one minute, and then say, "When I hear your voice, I'll start my timer."
- When the student begins reading, activate the timer.
- As the student reads, tally his or her errors on a separate sheet of paper.
- For each error, make a tally mark on a piece of paper (out of sight of the student).
- Be consistent in what you count as an error.
Guidelines for counting errors
- Each number on the left side of the story indicates the total number of words through the end of the previous line of text.
- The words in the title do not count as words in the story. If the student reads the title, do not start the timer until the student reads the first word of the story.
- Each word in the story counts as one word.
- A number written as a numeral counts as one word.
- Each word in a number written in words counts as one word.
- An abbreviation counts as one word.
- Each initial counts as one word when it appears within a person's name.
- If two full words are connected by a hyphen, each word counts as one word.